Oriental Papermaking Fibres


Common Name Wheat Japanese Name Mugi
Scientific Name Gramineae Triticum Sativum
Fibre Length Average 1.5mm
Fibre Width Average 15µm (10-35µm)
Fibre Ends Blunt or Pointed Cross-Marking Strong
Associated Cells Thin walled pitted fibres, rounded or barrel like parenchyma cells, epidermal cells present
Herzberg Colour Green/Blue Graff 'C' Colour Green/Blue


Although not commonly used in paper-making in Asia, wheat is sometimes used in novelty and craft papers. The fibres are identifiable by narrow, thick walled fibres with blunt or pointed ends. There are often thin walled, shorter, pitted fibres which are wider than the typical fibres. The Parenchyma cells are rounded or barrel like with thin walls and fine pitting. Large epidermal cells, 0.3-0.5mm, are present and are often double sided, rectangular, saw toothed [14].


Image 1 Image 2
wheat1 wheat2


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Centre homepage: www.culturalconservation.unimelb.edu.au
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